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RsaI but not DraI polymorphism in CYP2E1 gene increases the risk of gastrointestinal cancer in Malaysians: a case–control study
  1. Eric Tzyy Jiann Chong1,
  2. Chong Cin Lee1,
  3. Kek Heng Chua2,
  4. Jitt Aun Chuah3,
  5. Ping-Chin Lee1
  1. 1School of Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Jalan UMS, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
  2. 2Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  3. 3Surgery Department, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ping-Chin Lee; leepc{at}ums.edu.my

Abstract

Objectives Our study aimed to investigate the association of CYP2E1 C-1019T RsaI and T7678A DraI polymorphisms and factors such as age, gender and ethnicity to the risk of gastrointestinal cancer (GIC) in Malaysians.

Design Case–control study.

Setting Malaysia.

Participants 520 consented healthy blood donors with no previous GIC record and 175 patients with GIC.

Measurements C-1019T RsaI and T7678A DraI genotyping of CYP2E1 gene; direct sequencing.

Results This study reveals that the variant c2 allele and carrier with at least one c2 allele of C-1019T single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) significantly increased the risk of GIC but no significant association was found between T7678A SNP and combined analysis of C-1019T and T7678A SNPs to risk of GIC. The Malaysian Chinese had greater risk of GIC compared with the Malays, Indians and KadazanDusun. An increased risk of GIC was observed in individuals aged >40 years and women had a 2.22-fold and 1.58-fold increased risk of stomach and colorectal cancers, respectively, when compared with men.

Limitations The future research should be conducted with a larger sample population and including the gene–gene and gene–environmental interactions.

Conclusions Our study suggests that the rare c2 allele and carrier with at least one c2 allele of CYP2E1 RsaI polymorphism significantly elevated the risk of GIC and may be used as a genetic biomarker for early screening of GIC in Malaysians. The risk age-group has been shifted to a younger age at 40s and women showed a significant greater risk of stomach and colorectal cancers than men.

  • Gastroenterology
  • Molecular Biology

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