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A survey of TB knowledge among medical students in Southwest China: is the information reaching the target?
  1. Ying Zhao1,
  2. John Ehiri2,
  3. Daikun Li3,
  4. Xingneng Luo4,
  5. Ying Li5
  1. 1School of Nursing, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, People's Republic of China
  2. 2Division of Health Promotion Sciences and The Global Health Institute, Mel & Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA
  3. 3Department of Laboratory Medicine, University-Town Hospital of Chongqing University of Medical Sciences, Chongqing, People's Republic of China
  4. 4Department of TB Control, Center of Disease Control in Shapingba District, Chongqing, People's Republic of China
  5. 5Department of Social Medicine and Health Service Management, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, People's Republic of China
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ying Li; lilyliying2012{at}163.com; yingli{at}email.arizona.edu

Abstract

Objectives Tuberculosis (TB) control in schools is a concern in low-income and middle-income countries with high TB burdens. TB knowledge is recognised as important for TB control in China, which has one of the highest TB prevalence in the world. Accordingly, National TB Control Guideline in China emphasised TB-health education in schools as one of the core strategies for improving TB knowledge among the population. It was important to assess the level of TB knowledge in schools following 5-year implementation of the guideline, to determine whether the information was reaching the targets.

Design A cross-sectional study.

Methods and study setting This survey assessed TB knowledge and access to TB-health information by questionnaire survey with 1486 undergraduates from two medical universities in Southwest China.

Results Overall, the students had inadequate TB knowledge. Only 24.1%, 27.2% and 34.1% of the students had knowledge of TB symptoms of cough/blood-tinged sputum, their local TB dispensaries and free TB treatment policy, respectively. Very few (14.5%) had heard about the Directly Observed Therapy Short Course (DOTS), and only about half (54%) had ever accessed TB-health education information. Exposure to health education messages was significantly associated with increased knowledge of the five core TB knowledge as follows: classic TB symptoms of cough/blood-tinged sputum (OR (95% CI) 0.5(0.4 to 0.7)), TB modes of transmission (OR (95% CI) 0.4(0.3 to 0.5)), curability of TB (OR (95% CI) 0.6(0.5 to 0.7)), location and services provided by TB local dispensaries (OR (95% CI) 0.6(0.5 to 0.8)) and the national free TB treatment policy (OR (95% CI) 0.7(0.5 to 0.8)).

Conclusions The findings pose the question of whether it is time for a rethink of the current national and global approach to TB-health education/promotion which favours promotion of awareness on World TB Days rather than regular community sensitisation efforts.

  • Infectious Diseases

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