Article Text

Cross-sectional study: Does combining optical coherence tomography measurements using the ‘Random Forest’ decision tree classifier improve the prediction of the presence of perimetric deterioration in glaucoma suspects?
  1. Koichiro Sugimoto1,
  2. Hiroshi Murata1,
  3. Hiroyo Hirasawa1,
  4. Makoto Aihara1,2,
  5. Chihiro Mayama1,
  6. Ryo Asaoka1
  1. 1Department of Ophthalmology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
  2. 2Shirato Eye Clinic, Tokyo, Japan
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ryo Asaoka; rasaoka-tky{at}


Objectives To develop a classifier to predict the presence of visual field (VF) deterioration in glaucoma suspects based on optical coherence tomography (OCT) measurements using the machine learning method known as the ‘Random Forest’ algorithm.

Design Case–control study.

Participants 293 eyes of 179 participants with open angle glaucoma (OAG) or suspected OAG.

Interventions Spectral domain OCT (Topcon 3D OCT-2000) and perimetry (Humphrey Field Analyser, 24-2 or 30-2 SITA standard) measurements were conducted in all of the participants. VF damage (Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study criteria (2002)) was used as a ‘gold-standard’ to classify glaucomatous eyes. The ‘Random Forest’ method was then used to analyse the relationship between the presence/absence of glaucomatous VF damage and the following variables: age, gender, right or left eye, axial length plus 237 different OCT measurements.

Main outcome measures The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AROC) was then derived using the probability of glaucoma as suggested by the proportion of votes in the Random Forest classifier. For comparison, five AROCs were derived based on: (1) macular retinal nerve fibre layer (m-RNFL) alone; (2) circumpapillary (cp-RNFL) alone; (3) ganglion cell layer and inner plexiform layer (GCL+IPL) alone; (4) rim area alone and (5) a decision tree method using the same variables as the Random Forest algorithm.

Results The AROC from the combined Random Forest classifier (0.90) was significantly larger than the AROCs based on individual measurements of m-RNFL (0.86), cp-RNFL (0.77), GCL+IPL (0.80), rim area (0.78) and the decision tree method (0.75; p<0.05).

Conclusions Evaluating OCT measurements using the Random Forest method provides an accurate prediction of the presence of perimetric deterioration in glaucoma suspects.

  • Optical Coherence Tomography
  • Visual Field
  • Random Forest

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