Introduction Evidence shows that gender has a substantial impact on health behaviours, access to and use of health systems and health system responses. This study aims to assess gender bias in patients subjected to low-value practices in the primary care setting and to develop recommendations for reducing adverse events that women experience for this reason.
Methods and analysis A Delphi study will be performed to reach a consensus on the ‘Do Not Do’ recommendations with a possible gender bias. A retrospective cohort study in a random selection of medical records will then be carried out to identify the frequency of adverse events that occur when the selected ‘Do Not Do’ recommendations are ignored. Qualitative research techniques (consensus conference and nominal group) will be carried out to develop recommendations to address any gender bias detected, considering barriers and facilitators in clinical practice.
Ethics and dissemination The study was approved by the ethics committee of San Juan de Alicante Hospital (San Juan de Alicante, Spain) Reference N. 21/061. We will disseminate the research findings via peer-reviewed articles, presentations at national and international scientific forums and webinars.
Trial registration number The study was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT05233852) on 10 February 2022.
- PRIMARY CARE
- Quality in health care
- Health & safety
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IC and AL-P are joint first authors.
CC-M and JJM are joint senior authors.
Twitter @MerceGuilabert, @PilarAstier, @susanna_tella
Contributors All authors have contributed to the conception or design of this study. IC, AL-P, MVP-J, CC-M and JJM drafted this manuscript. MG, MAV, CF, VFG-G, DO, EC-R, LLO, M-PA-P and ST revised this manuscript critically for important content. All authors approved the final version of this manuscript and agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
Funding This work is supported by Project Prometeu 2021/061 granted by Conselleria de Innovación, Universidades, Ciencia y Sociedad Digital, Generalitat Valenciana.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient and public involvement Patients and/or the public were not involved in the design, or conduct, or reporting, or dissemination plans of this research.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.