Introduction Physical activity among children and adolescents remains insufficient, despite the substantial efforts made by researchers and policymakers. Identifying and furthering our understanding of potential modifiable determinants of physical activity behaviour (PAB) and sedentary behaviour (SB) is crucial for the development of interventions that promote a shift from SB to PAB. The current protocol details the process through which a series of systematic literature reviews and meta-analyses (MAs) will be conducted to produce a best-evidence statement (BESt) and inform policymakers. The overall aim is to identify modifiable determinants that are associated with changes in PAB and SB in children and adolescents (aged 5–19 years) and to quantify their effect on, or association with, PAB/SB.
Methods and analysis A search will be performed in MEDLINE, SportDiscus, Web of Science, PsychINFO and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and controlled trials (CTs) that investigate the effect of interventions on PAB/SB and longitudinal studies that investigate the associations between modifiable determinants and PAB/SB at multiple time points will be sought. Risk of bias assessments will be performed using adapted versions of Cochrane’s RoB V.2.0 and ROBINS-I tools for RCTs and CTs, respectively, and an adapted version of the National Institute of Health’s tool for longitudinal studies. Data will be synthesised narratively and, where possible, MAs will be performed using frequentist and Bayesian statistics. Modifiable determinants will be discussed considering the settings in which they were investigated and the PAB/SB measurement methods used.
Ethics and dissemination No ethical approval is needed as no primary data will be collected. The findings will be disseminated in peer-reviewed publications and academic conferences where possible. The BESt will also be shared with policy makers within the DE-PASS consortium in the first instance.
Systematic review registration CRD42021282874.
- public health
- health policy
- community child health
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Correction notice This article has been corrected since it first published. Author name 'Laura Capranica' has been updated.
Contributors The current systematic review protocol was produced by members of the COST Action CA19101 Determinants of Physical Activities in Settings (DE-PASS). The protocol was conceived and designed by CM, LC, FCML, MK, AM, GDT and KN. The methodology was planned and outlined by CM, FCML, MK, AM, GDT, KN, FB, RP and MM. The protocol was initially drafted by MK, AM, GDT and FCML. Subsequent drafts were reviewed by the included members of DE-PASS: FrantišekB, RP, MM, FlaviaB, SB, MB, GC, AC, CarolinaC, HC, AC, SC, JC-S, VČ, CristinaC, ChiaraC, EJdG, ADB, ADC, PD, RMFT, FG, EGS, MekdesG, BG, MariosG, GH, SH, PI, HJ, JJ, PJ, AthanasiosK, AtleK, EK, FM, BM, TM, PJM, MM, KOH, AOT, FP, SP, OP, ZP, JCR, PR, PS, MarojeS, MetteS, IS, HPvdP, AVH, SV, CW, KW, LC and CM. Revisions were made by MK, AM, GDT, KN and FCML. All authors have read and agreed to the submitted version of the manuscript.
Funding This article is based on work from COST Action CA19101 Determinants of Physical Activities in Settings (DE-PASS), supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology). The content of this article reflects only the authors’ views and the European Community is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) is a funding agency for research and innovation networks. Our Actions help connect research initiatives across Europe and enable scientists to grow their ideas by sharing them with their peers. This boosts their research, career and innovation. www.cost.eu.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient and public involvement Patients and/or the public were not involved in the design, or conduct, or reporting or dissemination plans of this research.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.