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Original research
CLARIFY 2021: explanation and elaboration of the Delphi-based guidelines for the reporting of yoga research
  1. Steffany Moonaz1,
  2. Daryl Nault1,
  3. Holger Cramer2,
  4. Lesley Ward3
  1. 1 Department of Integrative Health Research, Maryland University of Integrative Health, Laurel, Maryland, USA
  2. 2 Department of Internal and Integrative Medicine, Evang, Kliniken Essen-Mitte, Faculty of Medicine, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany
  3. 3 Department of Sport, Exercise & Rehabilitation, Northumbria University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Northumberland, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Steffany Moonaz; smoonaz{at}muih.edu

Abstract

Background Reporting of yoga research often lacks the detail required for clinical application, study replication, summary research and comparative effectiveness studies.

Methods To improve the transparency of reporting yoga interventions, and building on the development of previous reporting guidelines, a group of international yoga research stakeholders developed the consensus-based CheckList stAndardising the Reporting of Interventions For Yoga (CLARIFY) guidelines.

Results The 21-item CLARIFY checklist outlines the minimum details considered necessary for high-quality reporting of yoga research. This paper provides a detailed explanation of each of the 21 items of the CLARIFY checklist, together with model examples of how to integrate each item into publications of yoga research. The CLARIFY guideline serves as an extension for existing research reporting guidelines, and is flexible for use across all study designs.

Conclusion We strongly encourage the uptake of these reporting guidelines by researchers and journals, to facilitate improvements in the transparency and utility of yoga research.

  • complementary medicine
  • protocols & guidelines
  • clinical trials

Data availability statement

No data are available. Data will be reported in a separate methodology paper.

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Data availability statement

No data are available. Data will be reported in a separate methodology paper.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors SM: study conception, data analysis and interpretation, manuscript drafting and revision, final approval, agreement to authorship. DN: data acquisition, analysis and interpretation, manuscript drafting and revision, final approval, agreement to authorship. HC: data analysis and interpretation, manuscript revision, final approval, agreement to authorship. LW: study design, data analysis and interpretation, manuscript drafting and revision, final approval, agreement to authorship.

  • Funding Research reported in this publication was partially supported by the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health of the National Institutes of Health under award number R24 AT001293.

  • Disclaimer The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient and public involvement Patients and/or the public were not involved in the design, or conduct, or reporting, or dissemination plans of this research.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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