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International randomised controlled trial evaluating metabolic syndrome in type 2 diabetic cigarette smokers following switching to combustion-free nicotine delivery systems: the DIASMOKE protocol
  1. Arkadiusz Krysinski1,2,
  2. Cristina Russo3,
  3. Sarah John4,
  4. Jonathan D Belsey5,
  5. Davide Campagna6,
  6. Pasquale Caponnetto7,8,
  7. Lorina Vudu9,
  8. Chong Wei Lim3,
  9. Francesco Purrello8,10,
  10. Maurizio Di Mauro8,10,
  11. Farrukh Iqbal11,
  12. David Fluck12,
  13. Edward Franek2,13,
  14. Riccardo Polosa8,10,
  15. Pankaj Sharma3,14
  16. On behalf of the DIASMOKE collaborators
  1. 1 Polish Academy of Sciences, Mossakowski Medical Research Centre Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
  2. 2 Department of Internal Diseases, Endocrinology and Diabetology, CK MSW, Warszawa, Poland
  3. 3 Ashford and Saint Peter's Hospitals NHS Trust, Chertsey, Surrey, UK
  4. 4 School of Clinical Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, UK
  5. 5 JB Medical Ltd, Sudbury, Suffolk, UK
  6. 6 U O C. MCAU, University Teaching Hospital 'Policlinico-Vittorio Emanuele', University of Catania, Catania, Italy
  7. 7 Centro per la Prevenzione e Cura del Tabagismo (CPCT), Universita degli Studi di Catania Scuola di Facolta di Medicina, Catania, Italy
  8. 8 Center of Excellence for the Acceleration of HArm Reduction (CoEHAR), University of Catania, Catania, Sicilia, Italy
  9. 9 Endocrinology, Nicolae Testemitanu State Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Chisinau, The Republic of Moldova
  10. 10 Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, Catania, Sicilia, Italy
  11. 11 The University of Lahore University College of Medicine and Dentistry, Lahore, Pakistan
  12. 12 Cardiology, Ashford and Saint Peter's Hospitals NHS Trust, Chertsey, Surrey, UK
  13. 13 Mossakowski Medical Research Centre, Polska Akademia Nauk, Warszawa, Poland
  14. 14 Institute of Cardiovascular Research, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, Surrey, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Arkadiusz Krysinski; arkadiuszkrysinski{at}


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