Introduction Person-centred care based on systematic and comprehensive patient-engagement is gaining momentum across healthcare systems. Providing care that is responsive to the needs, values and priorities of each patient is important for patients, relatives and providers alike, not least for the growing population of older patients living with multi-morbidity and associated complex care trajectories.
Objectives The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the effects of patient engagement interventions for older patients with multimorbidity.
Methods Systematic review conducted in August 2021. Two reviewers independently screened the international databases Embase and PubMed. Reviewers carried out duplicate and independent data extraction and assessment of study quality. Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation was used to assess the quality of the evidence for each study.
Results We included twelve studies from primary care setting and hospitals. The included studies were heterogeneous in terms of characteristics of populations, types of interventions to enhance patient-engagement, outcome measures and length of follow-up. Nine of the 12 included studies found significant improvements in health and patient-reported outcomes such as higher quality-adjusted life-years, fewer hospital visits and disease specific symptoms. Quality of the included studies was of low to moderate.
Conclusion This review identifies potential beneficial effects of interventions to enhance patient-engagement in older adults with multimorbidity. Nevertheless, the limited and very diverse evidence-based calls for more robust studies into efficient approaches to engaging older adults with multimorbidity in care trajectories.
- public health
- geriatric medicine
- quality in health care
Data availability statement
Data are available on reasonable request. Data from the literature search and selection process are available on reasonable request to the corresponding author.
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Contributors MBS and KA contributed equally to this paper. MK, MBS and KA designed the study. MBS and KA carried out data collection and analysis. All authors contributed to drafting the manuscript. MK is the guarantor. All authors have read and approved the manuscript.
Funding The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work was supported by (Nordea-fonden) grant number (02-2013-0200).
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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