Article Text

How much do we know about the effectiveness of warm-up intervention on work related musculoskeletal disorders, physical and psychosocial functions: protocol for a systematic review
  1. Nicolas Larinier1,2,
  2. Romain Balaguier1,2,
  3. Nicolas Vuillerme1,2,3
  1. 1 AGEIS, University Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France
  2. 2 Opti'Mouv, St Paul, France
  3. 3 Institut Universitaire de France, Paris, France
  1. Correspondence to Dr Romain Balaguier; romain.balaguier{at}


Introduction Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are a growing worldwide burden and effective interventions to prevent them are needed. Physical activity at the workplace is now recognised as a relevant component of WMSDs prevention. Along these lines, warm-up interventions are now offered in a large number of companies to manage WMSDs. Although benefits of warm-up have been previously documented in sports context, to the best of our knowledge, the effectiveness of such intervention in workplaces still remains to be established. Within this context, the aim of the present review is to identify from published literature the available evidence regarding the effects of warm-up on WMSDs and physical and psychosocial functions.

Methods The following electronic databases will be searched (from inception onwards to June 2020): Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed (Medline), Web of Science and Physiotherapy Evidence Database. Randomised and non-randomised controlled studies will be included in this review. Participants should be adult employees without specific comorbidities. Interventions should include a warm-up physical intervention in real-workplaces. The primary outcomes will be pain, discomfort or fatigue. The secondary outcomes will be job control or motivation at work. This review will follow the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines and two team members will independently screen all citations, full-text articles and abstract data. A systematic narrative synthesis will be provided with information presented in the text and tables to summarise the characteristics and findings of the included studies.

Ethics and dissemination The approval of an ethical committee is not required. All the included studies will comply with the current ethical standards. The results of this review will summarise the effects of warm-up intervention on WMSDs, physical or psychosocial functions. This information could help professionals in decision making related to the use of these interventions to prevent WMSDs. Findings will be disseminated to academic audiences through peer-reviewed publications, as well as to policy-makers.

PROSPERO registration number CRD42019137211.

  • sports medicine
  • musculoskeletal disorders
  • public health

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  • Contributors All listed authors have contributed and will continue to contribute meaningfully to the protocol and proposed review. NL, RB and NV conceived the proposed review and developed the search strategy. NL and RB are the two title and abstract reviewers, and NL and RB arethe two full-text reviewers. NV will be the third reviewer that will help resolve any discrepancy. RB submitted the protocol to PROSPERO and is responsible for updating the registered protocol as needed. All authors read the final protocol manuscript and revised it forcontent; all also approved the final version.

  • Funding This review is part of a PhD thesis-project conducted in the University of Grenoble Alpes and Opti’Mouv. The research project is promoted by the University of Grenoble Alpes and partially financed by the ‘Ministère de l’Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche’ via the ‘Association Nationale Recherche Technologie’ (ANRT) by means of the ‘Convention Industrielle de Formation par la Recherche’ (CIFRE) grant (n 2019/0488). The founding source has no role in the study design, data collection, results interpretation or manuscript writing.

  • Competing interests Opti’Mouv is a company that provides workplace health promotion services as workplace physical activity programmes.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Supplemental material This content has been supplied by the author(s). It has not been vetted by BMJ Publishing Group Limited (BMJ) and may not have been peer-reviewed. Any opinions or recommendations discussed are solely those of the author(s) and are not endorsed by BMJ. BMJ disclaims all liability and responsibility arising from any reliance placed on the content. Where the content includes any translated material, BMJ does not warrant the accuracy and reliability of the translations (including but not limited to local regulations, clinical guidelines, terminology, drug names and drug dosages), and is not responsible for any error and/or omissions arising from translation and adaptation or otherwise.

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