Article Text

Original research
Effect of mHealth tool on knowledge regarding reproductive health of school going adolescent girls: a before-after quasi-experimental study
  1. Tanima Ahmed
  1. Community Medicine, Uttara Adhunik Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  1. Correspondence to Dr Tanima Ahmed; tanirif{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Objective This study was executed to (1) assess the effect of mHealth (mobile health) tool on knowledge regarding reproductive health (RH) of adolescent girls and (2) determine the utilisation of mHealth tool among school girls.

Design Before-after type of quasi-experimental study.

Setting Dhaka North City Corporation in Bangladesh.

Participants 400 adolescent girls aged 14–19 years were selected based on defined criteria.

Interventions Short message service (SMS) intervention on RH was delivered through a mobile phone.

Primary and secondary outcome measures 8 schools out of 61 were randomly selected in the study area. A total of 400 girls were selected randomly on permission from those schools and parents. SMS interventions were delivered for 8 weeks. The data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire before and after SMS intervention to evaluate the effect. The number of responses to weekly SMS determined mHealth usage or practice.

Results Postintervention knowledge score (mean 70.8%±9.7%) on RH was significantly higher (paired t=69.721, p<0.001) than preintervention knowledge score (mean 44.71%±9.13%) with a large effect size (cohen’s d=3.6). The knowledge score on RH was (p<0.001) correlated (+0.636) with SMS response. Multiple linear regression indicated that increase response to one SMS intervention there was an increase of knowledge score by 2.661% (linear slope 2.66, at 95% CI, p<0.001) after controlling the confounder. The mean knowledge score in all five knowledge segments of RH increased significantly (p<0.001) after SMS intervention.

Conclusion The result indicated that the SMS tool of the mHealth approach is an easy and effective way to improve RH knowledge for adolescent girls. SMS intervention was well accepted by the girls. Thereby this mHealth tool can be chosen to provide health information for a mass approach.

  • public health
  • community child health
  • telemedicine
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors TA developed the proposal and implemented the study following data collection, analysis and writing the manuscript.

  • Funding The author has not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Ethics approval Institutional Review Board (IRB) of National Institute of Preventive and Social Medicine approved this study.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data are available upon reasonable request. The data sets used and/or analysed in this study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

  • Supplemental material This content has been supplied by the author(s). It has not been vetted by BMJ Publishing Group Limited (BMJ) and may not have been peer-reviewed. Any opinions or recommendations discussed are solely those of the author(s) and are not endorsed by BMJ. BMJ disclaims all liability and responsibility arising from any reliance placed on the content. Where the content includes any translated material, BMJ does not warrant the accuracy and reliability of the translations (including but not limited to local regulations, clinical guidelines, terminology, drug names and drug dosages), and is not responsible for any error and/or omissions arising from translation and adaptation or otherwise.