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Use of tracking technology to examine life-space mobility among people with depression: a systematic review protocol
  1. Man Hon Chung1,
  2. Sau Fong Leung1,
  3. Maritta Välimäki2
  1. 1 School of Nursing, Hong Kong Polytechnic University School of Nursing, Kowloon, Hong Kong
  2. 2 Department of Nursing Science, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
  1. Correspondence to Dr Maritta Välimäki; maritta.valimaki{at}


Introduction People with depression often experience disabilities that limit their social and physical capacity, daily function, and quality of life. Depressive symptoms and their implications on daily activities are often measured retrospectively using subjective measurement tools. Recently, more objective and accurate electronic data collection methods have been used to describe the daily life of people with depressive disorders. The results, however, have not yet been systematically reviewed. We aim to provide a knowledge basis for the use of tracking technologies in examining life-space mobility among adults with depression and those with anxiety as a comorbidity.

Methods and analysis A systematic review with a narrative approach for different types of study design will be conducted. The following databases will be used to gather data from 1994 to the present: MEDLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, PsycINFO, Embase, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Web of Science, Health Technology Assessment Database and IEEE Xplore. The study selection will follow the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols. Methodological appraisal of studies will be performed using the Crowe Critical Appraisal Tool as well as the Cochrane Risk-of-Bias Tool for randomised controlled trials. A narrative synthesis of all included studies will be conducted.

Ethics and dissemination Because there will be no human involvement in the actual systematic review, no ethical approval will be required. The results will be disseminated in a peer-reviewed journal and in a conference presentation.

PROSPERO registration number CRD42019127102.

  • life space
  • mobility
  • depression
  • anxiety
  • tracking

This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See:

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  • Contributors MV initiated and designed the review. The manuscript protocol was drafted by MHC and reviewed by MV and SFL. The search strategy was developed by all the authors and will be performed by MHC and MV, who will also independently screen potential articles, extract data from the included studies, assess the risk of bias and complete the data synthesis. SFL will arbitrate in cases of disagreement and ensure the absence of errors. All authors approved the publication of the protocol.

  • Funding The review is supported by the Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Funding has been granted by the University of Turku, Finland (project number: 26003424).

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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