Table 4

Contributions of different pathways to behaviour change

Pathβ (95% CI)Per cent of effect explained
Indirect via safety only (path 1)0.21 (−0.68 to 1.09)0.4
Indirect via use only (path 2)43.13 (22.09 to 64.17)89.9
Indirect via infrastructure and use (path 3)1.33 (0.03 to 2.63)2.8
Indirect via safety and use (path 4)1.38 (−0.04 to 2.81)2.9
Indirect via visibility and use (path 5)0.76 (−0.14 to 1.65)1.6
Indirect via infrastructure, visibility and use (path 6)0.09 (−0.03 to 0.20)0.2
Direct (path 7)1.09 (−9.63 to 11.81)2.2
Total (sum of paths 1–7)47.99 (26.32 to 69.66)100