(A) Associations between proximity to and use of intervention 
Independent variable: residential proximity to intervention (km) 
Dependent variable  OR (95% CI)  p Value 
Use of intervention (yes/no)  1.85 (1.61 to 2.11)  0.001 

(B) Associations between use of intervention and change in walking and cycling 
Independent variable: use of intervention (yes/no) 
Dependent variable  β (95% CI)  p Value 
Change in time spent walking and cycling (min/week)  31.16 (−1.72 to 64.05)  0.063 

(C) Associations between proximity to intervention and perceived environmental changes 
Independent variable: residential proximity to intervention (km) 
Dependent variable  β (95% CI)  p Value 
Change in infrastructure  0.05 (0.01 to 0.10)  0.030 
Change in safety  0.03 (−0.02 to 0.08)  0.182 
Change in visibility  0.05 (0.01 to 0.10)  0.013 

(D) Associations between perceived environmental changes and use of intervention 
Dependent variable: use of intervention (yes/no) 
Independent variable  OR (95% CI)  p Value 
Change in infrastructure  1.23 (1.06 to 1.44)  0.008 
Change in safety  1.31 (1.13 to 1.54)  0.001 
Change in visibility  1.33 (1.15 to 1.55)  0.001 

(E) Associations between perceived environmental changes and change in walking and cycling 
Dependent variable: change in time spent walking and cycling (min/week) 
Independent variable  β (95% CI)  p Value 
Change in infrastructure  −2.51 (−17.16 to 12.13)  0.736 
Change in safety  9.19 (−5.36 to 23.74)  0.215 
Change in visibility  −6.21 (−20.62 to 8.19)  0.398 

(F) Associations between perceived environmental changes 
Dependent variable: change in visibility 
Independent variable  β (95% CI)  p Value 
Change in infrastructure  0.06 (0.00 to 0.12)  0.039 
Change in safety  0.03 (−0.03 to 0.09)  0.328 
Dependent variable: change in safety 
Independent variable  β (95% CI)  p Value 
Change in infrastructure  −0.03 (−0.10 to 0.03)  0.215 