Table 2

Characteristics of the sample

VariableCategoryParticipants providing data on exposure and outcome (n=1465), % (N)Participants providing data on exposure, outcome and all mediators and covariates
(n=967), % (N)
SiteCardiff32.3 (473)33.6 (325)
Kenilworth39.9 (584)40.7 (394)
Southampton27.9 (408)25.7 (248)
Residential proximity to intervention (km)≥49.6 (141)9.7 (93)
3–3.997.0 (103)6.9 (66)
2–2.9915.2 (222)15.2 (147)
1–1.9932.4 (474)31.6 (306)
<135.8 (525)36.6 (355)
SexFemale56.7 (831)51.9 (502)
Male43.3 (634)48.1 (465)
Age (years) at baseline18–349.7 (141)11.0 (107)
35–4919.9 (291)24.1 (233)
50–6435.5 (519)38.5 (372)
65–8934.9 (510)26.4 (255)
EthnicityCaucasian96.9 (1417)97.2 (940)
Non-Caucasian3.1 (45)2.8 (27)
Any child under 16 in householdNo84.4 (1236)81.1 (784)
Yes15.6 (229)18.9 (183)
Highest educational levelTertiary or higher39.5 (576)45.9 (444)
Secondary school32.8 (479)32.9 (318)
Lower than secondary27.7 (405)21.2 (205)
Annual household income>£40 00032.1 (439)36.6 (355)
£20 001–£40 00033.7 (461)35.0 (337)
≤£20 00034.3 (469)28.4 (275)
Employment statusWorking49.2 (720)56.7 (548)
Student1.6 (24)1.4 (14)
Retired40.3 (589)33.2 (321)
Other8.9 (130)8.7 (84)
Any car in householdNo13.9 (203)10.0 (97)
Yes86.1 (125)90.0 (870)
Any adult bicycle in householdNo44.6 (603)39.5 (382)
Yes55.4 (748)60.5 (585)
Weight statusNormal/underweight49.0 (683)48.4 (468)
Overweight37.0 (515)37.6 (363)
Obese14.0 (195)14.0 (136)
General healthExcellent/good78.5 (113)81.6 (789)
Fair/poor21.5 (312)18.4 (178)
Long-term illness or disability that limits daily activitiesNo74.0 (102)78.1 (756)
Yes26.0 (359)21.9 (211)
Time spent walking and cycling in past week (min)None15.6 (229)14.0 (135)
1–14925.7 (376)27.2 (263)
150–29923.5 (344)23.6 (229)
300–44914.4 (211)14.2 (138)
≥45020.8 (305)20.9 (202)