Table 3

Association between number of ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) metrics and CVH categories, and educational level

Educational level
Total*LowMediumHighORs, 95% CI, p value†
(n=4015)(n=1651)(n=1984)(n=380)Low vs mediumLow vs highMedium vs high
100.0%41.1%49.4%9.5%
Number of ideal CVH metrics, mean (SE)
median (IQR)
2.78 (0.02)
3.00 (2.00)
2.76 (0.03)
2.00 (1.00)
2.77 (0.03)
3.00 (2.00)
2.93 (0.06)
3.00 (2.00)
0.99 (0.92 to 1.06)
0.802
0.88 (0.77 to 0.99)
0.033
0.88 (0.80 to 0.96)
0.009
Number of ideal behaviours, mean (SE)
median (IQR)
1.41 (0.02)
1.00 (1.00)
1.42 (0.02)
1.00 (1.00)
1.38 (0.02)
1.00 (1.00)
1.45 (0.04)
1.00 (1.00)
1.03 (0.93 to 1.13)
0.560
0.94 (0.78 to 1.11)
0.453
0.92 (0.81 to 1.04)
0.198
Number of ideal health factors, mean (SE)
median (IQR)
1.95 (0.02)
2.00 (2.00)
1.91 (0.02)
2.00 (1.00)
1.89 (0.02)
2.00 (2.00)
2.07 (0.05)
2.00 (2.00)
1.01 (0.93 to 1.11)
0.746
0.81 (0.69 to 0.96)
0.012
0.77 (0.68 to 0.87)
0.000
Category of CVH, % (95% CI)
 Ideal CVH‡0.02
 Intermediate CVH§7.6 (6.8 to 8.4)5.3 (4.3 to 6.4)8.6 (7.3 to 9.8)12.4 (9.0 to 15.7)111
 Poor CVH¶92.4 (91.6 to 93.2)94.7 (93.6 to 95.8)91.4 (90.2 to 92.7)87.4 (84.0 to 90.7)1.22 (0.87 to 1.68)
0.242
1.93 (1.24 to 3.01)
0.004
1.54 (1.08 to 2.19)
0.015
  • *Means in total, low, medium and high categories are adjusted on age, sex, marital status, employment status and type of settlement. Prevalences are adjusted on age and sex.

  • †According to logistic regression analysis. All comparisons of low (1) versus medium education group (0) were adjusted to age, sex, type of settlement and employment status. All comparisons of low (1) versus high education group (0) were adjusted to age, sex, type of settlement, marital status and employment status. Comparisons of medium (1) versus high education group (0) were adjusted to age, type of settlement and employment status.

  • ‡Ideal health is all seven health metrics at ideal levels.

  • §Intermediate health is at least one health metric at intermediate level, but no poor health metrics.

  • ¶Poor health is at least one of seven health metrics at a poor level.