Table 1

Description of the population studied and associations between material, psychosocial and behavioural factors and SRH (percentages using sample design and χ2 Rao-Scott test)

MenWomen
nPer centPer cent of poor SRHnPer centPer cent of poor SRHp Value†
Total43695995
SRHns
 Good372587.86516487.90
 Poor63512.1481312.10
Age (years)********
 18–2982625.463.27108124.995.01
 30–44134132.057.05196930.165.28
 45–64133429.3417.14184428.8115.27
 65+86813.1430.49110116.0330.31
Educational level********
 First level84720.0727.6199419.2330.56
 Second level93618.6213.87114015.8113.35
 Third level170244.557.26274547.217.31
 Fourth level88416.764.66111617.743.71
Material factors
 Work status*********
  Working287970.966.15298350.895.33
  Not working146729.0426.71296049.1119.00
 Private health insurance******ns
  Yes230251.167.91307849.867.82
  No200948.8416.17281850.1415.77
 Afford to buy food*****ns
  Always359785.3711.08488984.2711.33
  Usually or less55014.6318.4285515.7315.97
 Home tenurensnsns
  Owned334374.2411.90452474.0612.20
  Rented99025.7612.92141925.9411.58
 Telephonensnsns
  Yes414697.3211.91572997.5911.95
  No1272.6818.111472.4118.44
 Car*********
  Yes343580.5010.72448475.489.39
  No79019.5017.61132024.5220.20
Psychosocial factors
 Marital status*********
  Cohabiting/married243354.9112.02341652.1112
  Single148838.9910.05147032.586.79
  Separated/divorced/widowed4386.1026.72109315.3123.46
 Social participation*******
  Yes256459.828.47341656.519.09
  No173240.1817.88249243.4915.71
 Neighbourhood problems**ns
  No276464.5111.31368962.8511.07
  Yes152835.4914.08221737.1513.38
 Social support********
  High214148.8111.98314953.4410.78
  Moderate175941.4110.68225538.4512.56
  Low4159.7819.245088.1117.61
Behavioural factors
 Smoking********
  Non-smoker201646.678.49330357.4710.65
  Exsmoker108322.8515.97107616.1013.27
  Smoker122830.4814.89156526.4314.51
 Alcohol (drinks/week)*********
  1–7112825.9610.12222436.958.24
  0158034.4317.08287947.5816.61
  8–1484620.379.3461611.465.71
  >1477019.249.082104.017.43
 Binge drinking*******
  Less than once a week304167.5713.48527487.2212.50
  More than once a week127732.439.3163712.787.82
 Cannabisns****
  No405692.1312.14576196.8712.20
  Yes2627.8711.431323.136.02
 Drugsns******
  No409996.1611.94567198.1911.54
  Yes1333.8417.881061.8127.97
 Physical activity*********
  High132532.334.8295316.615.62
  Moderate179941.4911.64310452.909.34
  Low115426.1822.54184130.4819.69
 BMI (kg/m²)*********
  <25168741.9210.81317858.849.50
  ≥25 and <30183942.4610.96163228.2414.15
  ≥3065915.6218.2374612.9218.91
 Teeth brushing*********
  ≥2/day246260.938.53466080.659.33
  <2/day174839.0717.36112219.3519.84
  • †p Value for the comparison of the distribution between men and women.

  • *p<0.05.

  • **p<0.01.

  • ***p<0.001.

  • BMI, body mass index; SRH, self-reported health; ns, non-significant.