Table 1

Characteristics of the males and females in the general population and OSA cohorts

 MalesFemales
General population (n=374)OSA cohort (n=666)p ValueGeneral population (n=329)OSA cohort (n=156)p Value
Age (years)55.9±10.653.6±10.70.000856.9±11.658.4±9.10.16
BMI (kg/m2)28.4±4.333.4±5.6<0.000127.6±5.334.1±6.2<0.0001
Epworth sleepiness scale6.4±3.911.8±5.0<0.00015.7±4.011.2±5.3<0.0001
Current smokers (%)15.621.60.0220.719.20.71
Hypertension (%)21.644.5<0.000128.150.6<0.0001
CVD (%)14.720.00.0314.011.60.47
Diabetes (%)2.78.8<0.00013.18.40.01
  • Significant findings (p<0.05) are shown in italics.

  • BMI, body mass index; CVD, cardiovascular disease, defined as a doctor diagnosis of coronary artery occlusion (myocardial infarction or heart attack), heart failure and/or stroke. Hypertension and diabetes were defined as a doctor diagnosis and treatment with medication.