Table 1

Diabetes mellitus (DM), socio-demographic characteristics, body mass index, general laboratory characteristics and select inflammatory markers of adults aged 20–59 years who were self-identified as marijuana users or non-marijuana users (N=10 896)

Non-marijuana users, weighted % or mean (SD)*Past users, weighted % or mean (SD)*Current users
1–4 times/month, weighted % or mean (SD)*≥5 times/month, weighted % or mean (SD)*
DM (yes)6.32.91.93.0
Age (years)
 ≤4046.273.486.684.0
 >4053.826.613.416.0
Gender
 Male42.953.664.473.0
 Female57.146.535.627.0
Race
 White70.681.272.674.9
 Black11.011.317.314.6
 Hispanic7.44.13.64.4
 Asian/other11.03.56.56.2
Education
 ≤High school21.415.323.125.7
 High school34.833.441.239.2
 College43.851.335.735.1
Family history of DM
 Yes46.248.352.548.3
 No53.858.347.551.7
BMI (kg/m2)
 ≥3025.018.816.612.5
 <3075.081.283.487.5
Physical activity
 Inactive17.010.38.010.9
 Insufficient activity46.047.548.637.3
 Recommended level of activity37.142.243.451.8
Cigarette smoke
 Yes22.040.160.368.0
 No78.059.939.732.0
Alcohol
 Yes57.374.790.487.9
 No42.725.39.612.1
Cocaine
 Yes0.725.847.258.8
 No99.374.252.841.2
BMI (kg/m2)28.0 (0.2)26.9 (0.3)24.8 (0.7)24.1 (0.4)
Prevalence of select laboratory characteristics
 HDL (mg/dl)
  ≤4042.639.5§29.8§22.5§
  >4057.460.670.277.5
 LDL (mg/dl)
  ≥16016.113.99.63.5
  <16083.986.190.496.5
 Total cholesterol (mg/dl)
  ≥24018.712.3§8.1§8.6§
  <24081.387.791.991.4
 Triglyceride (mg/dl)
  ≥20017.713.513.112.7
  <20082.386.586.987.3
 CRP (mg/dl)
  ≥0.518.912.7§15.8§9.2§
  <0.581.187.384.290.8
 25-Hydroxy vitamin D (nmol/l)
  ≤7051.941.1§56.4§59.5§
  >7048.158.943.640.5
 HbA1c
  ≥6.08.74.1§4.2§3.2§
  <6.091.396.095.896.8
Serum levels of select laboratory values
 Glucose (mg/dl)97.8 (0.6)93.1 (0.7)92.7 (0.6)92.3 (0.7)
 HDL (mg/dl)50.1 (0.5)50.5 (0.8)49.8 (1.8)50.5 (1.4)
 LDL (mg/dl)126.4 (1.2)122.3 (1.5)116.6 (3.1)113.1 (3.7)
 Total cholesterol (mg/dl)201.6 (1.4)195.2 (1.6)188.7 (3.3)186.9 (3.3)
 Triglycerides (mg/dl)125.4 (2.2)112.1 (2.9)111.7 (6.9)116.6 (7.3)
 25-Hydroxy vitamin D (nmol/l)73.0 (1.2)80.5 (1.8)78.0 (3.5)85.0 (4.8)
Select inflammatory markers
 CRP (mg/dl)0.43 (0.01)0.36 (0.02)0.42 (0.09)0.44 (0.11)
 Ferritin (ng/ml)138.1 (2.9)149.5 (9.1)132.5 (19.3)157.8 (24.1)
 Fibrinogen (mg/dl)296.1 (4.1)283.5 (3.7)287.8 (15.3)285.2 (12.4)
 Uric acid (mg/dl)5.3 (0.04)5.5 (0.08)5.1 (0.3)5.1 (0.2)
 White blood cell count (×103/μl)7.2 (0.06)7.3 (0.07)7.6 (0.19)8.0 (0.21)
  • * We used the sample weight provided by the National Center for Health Statistics to weigh the data.

  • p<0.001 compared with non-marijuana users.

  • p<0.05 compared with non-marijuana users.

  • § p<0.0001 compared with non-marijuana users.

  • p<0.01 compared with non-marijuana users.

  • BMI, body mass index; HbA1c, haemoglobin A1c; LDL, low-density lipoproteins; CRP, C reactive protein; HDL, high-density lipoproteins.