Table 2

Association of non-motor symptoms (NMS) with sex

NMS symptomsMale (n=70)Female (n=15)P values
Constipation38 (54)10 (67)0.554
Nocturia35 (50)7 (47)0.814
Feeling sad or blue28 (40)12 (80)0.011*
Forgetting to do things33 (48)5 (39)0.751
Feeling light-headed/dizzy24 (34)11 (73)0.012*
Feeling anxious or panicky22 (31)9 (61)0.073
Urinary urgency25 (36)5 (33)0.861
Unexplained pain16 (23)10 (67)0.002*
Problems with sex26 (37)00.003*
Difficulty sleeping20 (29)5 (33)0.759
Loss or change in ability to taste or smell20 (29)5 (33)0.758
Loss of interest in surroundings22 (31)3 (22)0.536
Dribbling of saliva21 (30)3 (22)0.537
Excessive sweating16 (23)5 (33)0.601
Unpleasant sensation in the legs12 (17)7 (47)0.031*
Frightening dreams16 (23)3 (22)0.999
Unexplained change in weight14 (20)4 (28)0.727
Falling13 (19)2 (13)0.999
Difficulty in swallowing food or drink or problems with choking12 (17)3 (22)0.031*
Difficulty concentrating or staying focused12 (17)2 (13)0.176
Swelling in the legs7 (11)5 (33)0.081
Daytime somnolence8 (12)3 (22)0.401
Double vision10 (14)2 (11)0.999
Decreased/increased libido11 (16)1 (6)0.199
Talking or moving in sleep9 (13)1 (6)0.682
Vomiting or feeling of sickness6 (9)3 (22)0.192
Incomplete bowel emptying8 (11)2 (11)0.999
Delusions4 (5)3 (17)0.101
Illusions4 (5)3 (17)0.101
Faecal incontinence2 (3)3 (17)0.036*
  • Categorical variables were presented as frequencies (percentages) and χ2/Fisher’s exact test was applied.

  • *Significant (p≤0.05).