Table 2

Deployment-related characteristics and experiences

CharacteristicRegular Force personnelReserve Force personnel
Sample n=3385
Weighted N=29 060
Sample n=1469
Weighted N=4480
%95% CI%95% CI
Deployment-related characteristics
Other deployments*
 Non-Afghanistan deployment56.655.1 to 58.139.938.2 to 41.7
Time away in past 3 years* (months)
 ≤627.829.9 to 32.835.929.9 to 32.8
 7–12 25.48.7 to 10.623.28.7 to 10.6
 13–24 32.515.5 to 17.821.815.5 to 17.8
 25–36 6.319.0 to 21.55.519.0 to 21.5
 None8.020.8 to 23.413.620.8 to 23.4
Time from last Afghanistan deployment to interview date*
 <1460 days (<4 years)31.329.9 to 32.833.932.1 to 35.7
 1460–1824 days (4 years)16.715.5 to 17.816.515.1 to 17.9
 1825–2189 days (5 years)20.219.0 to 21.521.419.9 to 23.0
 2190–2554 days (6 years)9.68.7 to 10.67.66.6 to 8.6
 ≥2555 days (≥7 years)22.120.8 to 23.420.519.0 to 22.0
Total number of Afghanistan deployments*
 170.368.9 to 71.883.482.0 to 84.8
 ≥229.728.2 to 31.116.615.2 to 18.0
Afghanistan deployment location*
 Kabul10.99.9 to 11.914.313.0 to 15.6
 Kandahar53.551.9 to 55.068.366.6 to 70.0
 Multiple15.314.2 to 16.49.88.7 to 10.9
 Other Afghanistan related20.319.1 to 21.67.66.6 to 8.6
Duration of Afghanistan deployments* (days)
 ≤120 14.012.9 to 15.112.110.8 to 13.3
 121–24055.954.4 to 57.565.663.8 to 67.4
 241–36014.313.2 to 15.412.911.7 to 14.2
 ≥361 15.814.6 to 16.99.48.3 to 10.5
Deployment-related experiences
Known someone seriously injured or killed (DEX-1)*70.068.5 to 71.474.072.3 to 75.7
Ever found yourself in a threatening situation where you were unable to respond because of rules of engagement (DEX-2)*30.929.4 to 32.333.631.8 to 35.4
Ever been injured (DEX-3)25.524.1 to 26.924.723.0 to 26.3
Ever seen ill or injured women or children who you were unable to help (DEX-4)*42.040.4 to 43.547.145.2 to 49.0
Ever received incoming artillery, rocket or mortar fire (DEX-5)*69.468.0 to 70.977.676.0 to 79.2
Ever felt responsible for the death of Canadian or ally personnel (DEX-6)7.36.5 to 8.18.17.1 to 9.1
Ever had a close call (DEX-7)*25.424.0 to 26.830.028.3 to 31.8
Ever had difficulty distinguishing between combatants and non-combatants (DEX-8)*37.335.8 to 38.845.343.4 to 47.2
LTEs that were deployment related
Combat experience*65.363.7 to 66.871.369.3 to 73.3
Relief worker in a war zone57.455.8 to 59.057.855.7 to 60.0
Saw atrocities24.423.0 to 25.825.123.3 to 27.0
  • *Regular Force and Reserve Force differ significantly (Wald Χ2P≤0.05).

  • DEX, deployment-related experience; LTE, lifetime potentially traumatic experience.