Table 1

Mental health problems, military and sociodemographic characteristics

CharacteristicRegular Force personnelReserve Force personnel
Sample n=3385
Weighted N=29 060
Sample n=1469
Weighted N=4480
%95% CI%95% CI
Past-year mental health problems
Comorbid disorders*
 MDE only3.83.2 to 4.53.72.9 to 4.4
 PTSD only2.41.9 to 2.91.81.3 to 2.4
 PD only1.51.1 to 1.91.40.94 to 1.8
 GAD only1.31.0 to 1.70.90.55 to 1.3
 Alcohol abuse only1.10.80 to 1.52.82.1 to 3.4
 Alcohol dependence only0.60.38 to 0.901.40.95 to 1.8
 PTSD and MDE1.10.7 to 1.40.90.50 to 1.3
 PTSD and other2.01.5 to 2.51.81.3 to 2.4
 PTSD, MDE, other2.41.9 to 2.91.81.3 to 2.4
 Mixed—no PTSD2.52.0 to 3.02.31.7 to 2.9
 None identified81.279.9 to 82.581.179.6 to 82.7
Individual mental health problems
  Any of the six disorders†18.917.6 to 20.119.317.7 to 20.8
 Any anxiety disorder*‡12.911.8 to 14.011.19.9 to 12.3
 Any MDE9.38.4 to 10.28.57.4 to 9.6
 Any PTSD7.76.9 to 8.66.85.8 to 7.8
 Any PD§5.14.3 to 5.84.13.3 to 4.9
 Any GAD*5.85.0 to 6.54.13.3 to 4.8
 Any alcohol abuse disorder*1.91.5 to 2.43.62.8 to 4.3
 Any alcohol dependence*1.41.1 to 1.82.21.6 to 2.8
 Any AUD*3.42.8 to 4.06.35.3 to 7.2
 Any suicide ideation*4.63.9 to 5.35.84.9 to 6.8
Military and sociodemographic characteristics
Sex*
 Male89.088.0 to 90.091.089.9 to 92.1
 Female11.010.0 to 12.09.07.9 to 10.1
Age*
 17–243.32.7 to 3.98.97.8 to 10.1
 25–3435.834.4 to 37.241.539.7 to 43.3
 35–4436.434.9 to 37.921.019.5 to 22.5
 45–6024.423.2 to 25.728.627.1 to 30.1
Rank*
 JNCM48.247.9 to 48.548.248.0 to 48.5
 SNCM32.231.9 to 32.429.028.8 to 29.2
 Officer19.619.4 to 19.822.822.6 to 23.0
Service*
 Navy13.812.7 to 14.83.62.9 to 4.3
 Army64.663.1 to 66.185.283.9 to 86.5
 Air Force21.720.4 to 23.011.210.0 to 12.4
Marital status*
 Married/common74.773.3 to 76.159.858.0 to 61.6
 Single16.515.3 to 17.733.932.2 to 35.7
 Widowed, separated or divorced8.77.9 to 9.66.35.3 to 7.2
Education*
 < Secondary school graduate4.94.2 to 5.62.21.7 to 2.8
 Secondary school graduate30.228.8 to 31.720.218.6 to 21.7
 Some postsecondary9.28.2 to 10.19.48.3 to 10.5
 Postsecondary graduate55.754.2 to 57.268.266.4 to 69.9
Racial background*
 White93.192.3 to 93.989.788.5 to 90.9
 Non-white4.13.5 to 4.87.26.2 to 8.2
 Multiple2.82.2 to 3.33.12.5 to 3.8
Household income*
 <50 0001.20.88 to 1.611.610.3 to 12.9
 50 000–69 00014.813.7 to 15.912.911.6 to 14.3
 70 000–89 00021.920.6 to 23.217.015.5 to 18.4
 ≥90 00062.160.6 to 63.558.556.7 to 60.3
Income difficulty§
 Yes6.15.4 to 6.97.26.2 to 8.2
 No93.993.1 to 94.692.891.8 to 93.8
Mental health training (in past 5  years)
Predeployment58.857.3 to 60.459.657.8 to 61.5
Postdeployment*63.161.6 to 64.667.766.0 to 69.5
  • *Regular Force and Reserve Force differ significantly (Wald Χ2P≤0.05).

  • †Any of the following: major depressive episode, generalised anxiety disorder, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, alcohol abuse disorder or alcohol dependence disorder.

  • ‡Any of the following: generalised anxiety disorder, panic disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder. 

  • §Regular Force and Reserve Force differ with marginal significance (Wald Χ20.05<P≤0.10).

  • AUD, alcohol use disorder (either alcohol abuse disorder or alcohol dependence disorder); GAD, generalised anxiety disorder; JNCM, junior non-commissioned member; MDE, major depressive episode; PD, panic disorder; PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder; SNCM, senior non-commissioned member.