Table 1

Descriptive characteristics at baseline assessment of participants in the COB trial according to allocation (intention to treat)

Coconut oilButterOlive oil
n=29n=33n=32
Mean (SD)Mean (SD)Mean (SD)
Age (years)59.1 (6.1)61.5 (5.8)59.1 (6.4)
LDL-cholesterol (mmol/L)3.5 (0.9)3.5 (0.9)3.7 (1.0)
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)5.9 (1.0)5.9 (1.0)6.0 (0.9)
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/L)2.0 (0.5)1.9 (0.5)1.8 (0.5)
Cholesterol/HDL ratio3.2 (0.9)3.2 (0.8)3.5 (1.2)
Non-HDL-cholesterol (mmol/L)3.9 (1.0)4.0 (0.9)4.2 (1.1)
Glucose (mmol/L)5.3 (0.4)5.4 (0.5)5.4 (0.5)
Weight (kg)73.9 (15.1)70.8 (11.7)71.1 (14.5)
Waist (cm)85.4 (11.9)83.7 (8.1)86.2 (11.5)
Body fat (%)29.7 (10.2)29.2 (9.0)31.5 (9.6)
Body mass index (kg/m2)25.5 (4.5)24.8 (3.5)25.0 (4.5)
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)131.4 (18.8)136.5 (18.8)133.1 (16.5)
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)79.8 (9.3)81.0 (12.0)78.1 (6.7)
DietWebQ intake/day
Total energy (MJ)9.00 (3.70)8.23 (2.17)9.51 (3.5)
Protein % energy14.8 (4.4)16.0 (3.7)15.7 (3.0)
Carbohydrate % energy43.6 (8.9)41.4 (8.7)42.7 (11.7)
Total fat % energy37.3 (7.3)36.7 (8.7)36.4 (10.3)
Saturated fat % energy14.1 (3.6)13.3 (4.4)13.4 (4.9)
Alcohol % energy4.2 (5.4)5.9 (7.5)5.1 (6.1)
Hours of walking in past week8.9 (9.5)10.9 (12.3)10.1 (8.7)
Hours of cycling in past week1.8 (2.6)2.0 (2.5)2.7 (5.5)
Hours of other physical exercise in past week3.4 (3.4)2.3 (4.0)1.8 (2.6)
n=29n=33n=32