Table 1

Characteristics of 20 participants interviewed about their experiences of emergency department ‘near misses’ where they considered presenting for breathlessness but decided to self-manage instead

Characteristicn (%)
Female9 (45)
Living alone8 (40)
Aged 65+ years15 (75)
Primary diagnosis
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease15 (75)
 Restrictive lung disease3 (15)
 Bronchiectasis1 (5)
 Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension1 (5)
Experience of breathlessness
 Lifelong3 (15)
 11–15 years1 (5)
 6–10 years7 (35)
 1–5 years7 (35)
 <1 year1 (5)
 Missing data1 (5)
Frequency of emergency department near misses for breathlessness
 Weekly or more often4 (20)
 Monthly1 (5)
 11–15 times3 (15)
 5–10 times2 (10)
 <5 times8 (40)
 Missing data2 (10)
Frequency of emergency department visits for breathlessness
 5 times or more4 (20)
 <5 times14 (70)
 Never2 (10)