Table 2

Age-adjusted HRs for first CVD event after baseline for selected risk factors in men and women aged 30–74 years with no history of CVD, stratified by cohort, ethnicity and gender

N events/N*Crude rate/100 000 person-years (95% CI)Age (1 year)SBP (10 mm Hg)DBP (10 mm Hg)TC/HDL ratio (one unit)Diabetes (yes/no)Current smoking (yes/no)
HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)
New Zealand cohort
European men1518/63 319815 (775 to 857)1.07 (1.06 to 1.07)1.15 (1.12 to 1.18)1.16 (1.10 to 1.22)1.20 (1.16 to 1.23)1.92 (1.68 to 2.19)2.29 (2.02 to 2.59)
Indian men273/9997933 (828 to 1050)1.06 (1.05 to 1.07)1.05 (0.98 to 1.13)1.02 (0.91 to 1.14)1.08 (0.98 to 1.19)1.72 (1.34 to 2.20)1.45 (0.99 to 2.11)
Norwegian cohort
Norwegian men379/6385703 (636 to 778)1.10 (1.09 to 1.11)1.15 (1.08 to 1.22)1.19 (1.08 to 1.30)1.22 (1.15 to 1.30)3.15 (2.14 to 4.65)1.86 (1.51 to 2.29)
South Asian men79/1239833 (668 to 1039)1.11 (1.08 to 1.14)1.17 (1.01 to 1.35)1.21 (0.97 to 1.51)1.23 (1.05 to 1.42)1.61 (0.90 to 2.86)1.43 (0.88 to 2.30)
New Zealand cohort
European women757/49 094528 (492 to 567)1.06 (1.05 to 1.07)1.09 (1.05 to 1.13)1.13 (1.05 to 1.22)1.14 (1.09 to 1.21)1.93 (1.59 to 2.35)2.74 (2.30 to 3.27)
Indian women106/7039531 (439 to 643)1.06 (1.03 to 1.08)1.27 (1.16 to 1.39)1.25 (1.03 to 1.50)1.21 (1.03 to 1.41)2.29 (1.55 to 3.37)2.60 (0.64 to 10.59)
Norwegian cohort
Norwegian women259/8015378 (335 to 427)1.10 (1.09 to 1.12)1.20 (1.12 to 1.28)1.32 (1.18 to 1.47)1.30 (1.19 to 1.43)2.79 (1.52 to 5.11)2.22 (1.73 to 2.84)
South Asian women26/967341 (232 to 501)1.14 (1.09 to 1.19)1.06 (0.86 to 1.30)1.07 (0.74 to 1.55)1.04 (0.77 to 1.39)2.74 (1.21 to 6.22)
  • *The numbers of events and people included in the analyses may differ due to missing risk factor data. Few were missing in the NZ cohort.

  • †Not calculated due to no exposed cases.

  • CVD, cardiovascular disease; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; SBP, systolic blood pressure; TC, total cholesterol.