Table 4

Perinatal outcomes among births born to women with suspected and unsuspected placenta accreta prior to delivery and controls

CaseControl (n=582)p Value*
PA suspected antenatally (n=174)PA not suspected antenatally (n=133)Total† (n=310)
N (%)N (%)N (%)N (%)
Fetal deaths5 (2.9)4 (3.0)9 (2.9)5 (0.9)<0.05
Perinatal deaths7 (4.0)5 (3.8)12 (3.9)10 (1.7)<0.05
Sex
 Male87 (50.0)55 (41.4)142 (45.8)281 (48.3)0.53
 Female84 (48.3)78 (58.6)165 (53.2)299 (51.4)
 Not stated3 (1.7)0 (0.0)3 (1.0)2 (0.3)
Gestational age, weeks, median35.038.036.039.0<0.001
Preterm birth (<37 weeks)
 Yes130 (74.7)50 (37.6)183 (59.0)77 (13.2)<0.001
 No43 (24.7)83 (62.4)126 (40.6)503 (86.4)
 Not stated1 (0.6)0 (0.0)1 (0.3)2 (0.3)
Birth weight†, g, mean2468.3 (±709.1)2870.0 (±847.8)2640.3 (±795.8)3281.4 (±615.8)<0.001
Low birth weight †(<2500 g)
 Yes81 (48.5)38 (29.5)120 (40.1)54 (9.4)<0.001
 No85 (50.9)88 (68.2)175 (58.5)517 (89.6)
 Not stated1 (0.6)3 (2.3)4 (1.3)6 (1.0)
Small for gestational age†
 Yes8 (4.8)14 (10.9)22 (7.4)55 (9.5)0.29
 No158 (94.6)112 (86.8)273 (91.3)516 (89.4)
 Not stated1 (0.6)3 (2.3)4 (1.3)6 (1.0)
Admission to NICU†
 Yes130 (77.8)51 (39.5)183 (61.2)90 (15.6)<0.001
 No36 (21.6)76 (58.9)113 (37.8)479 (83.0)
 Not stated1 (0.6)2 (1.6)3 (1.0)8 (1.4)
Apgar score at 5 min†
 <759 (35.3)7 (5.4)66 (22.1)9 (1.6)<0.001
 7–10106 (63.5)120 (93.0)229 (76.6)559 (96.9)
 Not stated2 (1.2)2 (1.6)4 (1.3)9 (1.6)
Resuscitation†
 Yes99 (59.3)29 (22.5)130 (43.5)49 (8.5)<0.001
 No65 (38.9)96 (74.4)162 (54.2)520 (90.1)
 Not stated3 (1.8)4 (3.1)7 (2.3)8 (1.4)
Separation status†
 Discharged home119 (71.3)111 (86.0)232 (77.6)542 (93.9)<0.001
 Transferred to another health facility/other41 (24.6)16 (12.4)58 (19.4)28 (4.9)
 Neonatal death2 (1.2)1 (0.8)3 (1.0)5 (0.9)
 Not stated5 (3.0)1 (0.8)6 (2.0)2 (0.3)
  • *Case versus control.

  • †Live births only.

  • NICU, neonatal intensive care unit; PA, placenta accreta.