Table 3

Results of multilevel logistic regression models for the association between urbanicity or individual/household socioeconomic factors and discontinuation of continued breastfeeding <24 months, among ever-breastfed children under six in the APCAPS household survey*

Discontinuation of breastfeeding <24 months (n=5288)
UnadjustedModel 1
(null)
Model 2
(L1 confounders
+L2 SES)
Model 3
(L1 confounders
+L3 urbanicity)
Model 4
(L1 confounders
+L2 SES
+L3 urbanicity)
n(%)OR(95% CI)OR(95% CI)OR(95% CI)OR(95% CI)OR(95% CI)
Fixed effects
Maternal educationNo formal schooling521(30.7)refrefref
Primary395(37.3)1.48(1.13 to 1.94)1.21(0.88 to 1.65)1.21(0.88 to 1.65)
Secondary+1079(42.5)2.28(1.82 to 2.87)1.63(1.23 to 2.16)1.62(1.22 to 2.15)
Maternal employmentNot working1384(41.3)refrefref
Working611(31.6)0.55(0.45 to 0.67)0.77(0.60 to 0.99)0.78(0.61 to 0.99)
SLIPoorest271(34.6)refrefref
Poorer370(37.3)1.38(0.99 to 1.91)1.18(0.82 to 1.69)1.17(0.82 to 1.68)
Middle374(33.1)1.07(0.78 to 1.48)0.86(0.60 to 1.24)0.86(0.60 to 1.23)
Richer467(39.4)1.5(1.09 to 2.06)1.05(0.73 to 1.51)1.04(0.73 to 1.50)
Richest513(42.9)1.75(1.28 to 2.41)1.09(0.74 to 1.59)1.08(0.74 to 1.57)
Trend(p value) 0.001 0.027 0.915
Urbanicity Low290(29.5)refrefref
Medium494(34.6)1.40(0.72 to 2.71)1.45(0.71 to 2.96)1.35(0.66 to 2.79)
High1213(42.2)2.74(1.42 to 5.28)2.96(1.45 to 6.05)2.64(1.29 to 5.42)
Trend(p value) 0.003 0.003 0.008
Random effects
Level 2 (mothers) Variance (SE) 3.2070(0.4847)4.1838(0.6347)4.2895(0.6445)4.1793(0.6342)
PCV (compared with null)(%)ref−30.46−33.75−30.32
Level 3 (villages) Variance (SE) 0.6036(0.1966)0.6677(0.2221)0.4942(0.1718)0.5029(0.1739)
PCV (compared with null)(%)ref−10.6218.1216.68
PCV (compared with model 2) (%)ref24.68
  • ∗All ORs calculated using multilevel modelling and complete case sample (see figure 2).

  • †Test for trend: p value including variable as linear.

  • ‡Proportional change in variance ((model 1 variance–model X variance)/model one variance)*100%.

  • §Proportional change in variance ((model 2 variance – model 4 variance)/model 2 variance)*100%.

  • APCAPS, Andhra Pradesh Children and Parents Study; SLI, standard of living index.