Table 1

Characteristics of included studies

StudyDesignCountrySettingHIV care payerYearsNPregnancy statusART regimen
Ciambrone32InterviewPuerto RicoAntenatal clinic (general)ART and other costs not reported20031712 pregnant, five postpartumUnspecified
Ekama29Semistructured questionnaireNigeriaAntenatal clinic (HIV-specific)Government-funded ART; other costs not reported2009170PregnantUnspecified
Ferguson37Semistructured interviewKenyaAntenatal clinic (general)Government-funded ART; cost to attend clinic201019PregnantAZT, co-trimoxazole
Katiyari40Focus group discussions and in-depth interviewsSwazilandAntenatal clinic (general)Government-funded ART; transportation costs2011, 201283PostpartumAZT (14 weeks until delivery); lamivudine, AZT (7 days postpartum)
Katiyari7Focus group discussions and in-depth interviewsSwazilandAntenatal clinic (general); both private and publicGovernment-funded ART; other fees not reported201313238 pregnant, 94 postpartumTenofovir, lamivudine, and efavirenz
Kim8InterviewMalawiAntenatal clinic (general)Government-funded ART; transportation costs201465PregnantTenofovir, lamivudine, and efavirenz
Kohler38Structured questionnaireKenyaAntenatal clinic (general)ART and other costs not reported2011213PostpartumUnspecified
Mawar30In-depth interviewIndiaAntenatal clinic (general)ART costs covered through this study; other costs not reported2001316 pregnant, 5 admitted for delivery, 20 postpartumAZT
McDonald34In-depth interviewAustraliaResearch setting (not clinic)ART and other costs not reported200116PostpartumUnspecified, but AZT mentioned in quotes
Ndlovu31In-depth interviewZimbabweResearch setting (not clinic)ART and other costs not reported200515Couples desiring and/or intending to have childrenUnspecified
Richter36Focus groupsUSAResearch setting (not clinic)ART and other costs not reportedNot reported33Women considering pregnancyAZT
Siegel39Focused interviewsUSAResearch setting (not clinic)ART and other costs not reported1996 to 19975111 pregnant, 6 planning to become pregnant, 25 considering pregnancy,
9 postpartum
AZT
Sowell35Semistructured questionnaireUSAResearch setting (not clinic)ART and other costs not reported1998 to 199932261 considering pregnancy, 261 postpartumAZT
Stinson33InterviewSouth AfricaAntenatal clinic (general)Government funded ART; Transportation costs2007 to 20082817 pregnant, 11 postpartumUnspecified
Zhou9InterviewMalawiAntenatal clinics (general and HIV specific)Government funded ART; Other fees not reported201465PregnantTenofovir, lamivudine, and efavirenz
  • ART, antiretroviral therapy; AZT, zidovudine; N, number of women participants.