Table 3

Gender differences in unmet healthcare needs, adjusted ORs

ParametersAge-adjusted ORFully-adjusted OR
 OR95% CIOR95% CI
1. Unmet need due to long waiting list(s)
 Women without a disability1.37***1.19 to 1.591.40***1.20 to 1.62
 Men with a disability2.97***2.54 to 3.482.31***1.92 to 2.77
 Women with a disability3.27***2.82 to 3.782.60***2.18 to 3.09
2. Unmet need due to distance or transportation problems
 Women without a disability0.830.51 to 1.370.740.44 to 1.23
 Men with a disability4.30***2.77 to 6.661.70*1.01 to 2.87
 Women with a disability5.35***3.56 to 8.062.05**1.25 to 3.37
3. Unmet need due to cost of medical examination or treatment
 Women without a disability1.180.70 to 1.971.220.73 to 2.05
 Men with a disability4.25***2.57 to 7.032.12*1.19 to 3.81
 Women with a disability5.54***3.50 to 8.782.89***1.67 to 4.99
4. Unmet need due to cost of prescribed medicines
 Women without a disability1.470.79 to 2.741.420.76 to 2.65
 Men with a disability5.22***2.76 to 9.873.92***1.92 to 8.01
 Women with a disability6.70***3.75 to 11.955.20***2.68 to 10.09
5. Unmet need for mental healthcare due to cost
 Women without a disability1.49.56 to 3.971.55.58 to 4.16
 Men with a disability7.37***2.85 to 19.094.82**1.68 to 13.87
 Women with a disability11.17***4.68 to 26.677.22***2.69 to 19.36
  • Reference: men without a disability.

  • Observations: (1) 12 780; (2) 12 840; (3) 12 831; (4) 11 677; (5) 11 278.

  • *p<0.05, **p<0.01; ***p<0.001.