Table 2

The five core themes of attributions toward changes in social activity

Overarching themesSpecific subthemes
Carer factorsCarer beliefsDifficulty finding time
Not wanting to burden patient with their own concerns
Patient beliefsBelief that carer would worry about their ability to be independent
Patient factorsCarer beliefsThat patient makes excuses for avoiding social situations
Patient beliefsEmbarrassment at social faux-pas
Inability to keep track of conversations with other
External factorsCarer and patient beliefsReduced social network due to bereavement or isolation
Physical healthCarer and patient beliefsAge-related frailty or specific physical illness
DementiaCarer beliefsDementia diagnosis allowed access to support services
Patient beliefsInsight into condition increased acceptance of social limitations
Inhibited by stigma of dementia