Table 5

Demographics, comorbidities, clinical features and causes of death of fatal dengue patients seen at HUSM between 2008 and 2013

PatientsAge (years) /genderDuration of illness prior to admission (day)Secondary infectionComorbiditiesDengue diagnosisDuration of hospital stay/duration of feverComplications/ causes of death*
P114/M6YesNilDHF4/2DHF complicated with MODs, severe AKI, rhabdomyolosis, respiratory failure, bleeding tendencies, ARDS
P278/F7NoIHD, HTN, newly diagnosed OPDF6/4Septic shock, probable leptospirosis, DF complicated with MODs, severe AKI, septicaemia, rhabdomyolosis, bleeding tendencies, IHD, HTN
P343/F8NoNilDF8/2Severe AKI, DF complicated with MODs, rhabdomyolosis, DIC, gastric disturbances, hypotension
P413/M5NoNilDF3/2DF complicated with MODs, severe AKI, dehydration secondary to dengue fever, rhabdomyolosis, respiratory failure, ARDS
P559/M6NoCKD, DMDF3/2Acute on chronic renal failure, severe AKI, DF complicated with MODs, rhabdomyolosis, DM, CKD
P644/F5NoNilDF12/2Severe AKI, DF complicated with MODs, DIC, dehydration secondary to dengue fever, gastric disturbances, hypotension
P777/F6YesIHD, HTN, DMDHF7/4Septic shock, DHF complicated with MODs, severe AKI, septicaemia, rhabdomyolosis, acute myocardial infraction, IHD, HTN, respiratory failure, ARDS
P860/M5YesDM, CKDDF3/2Renal complications, acute on chronic renal failure, DF complicated with MODs, severe AKI, ketoacidosis, rhabdomyolosis, DM, CKD
  • P1–P8 indicate number of patients from 1 to 8.

  • AKI, acute kidney injury; ARDS, acute respiratory distress syndrome; CKD, chronic kidney disease; DF, dengue fever; DHF, dengue haemorrhagic fever; DM, diabetes mellitus; F, female; HTN, hypertension; HUSM, Hospital University Sains Malaysia; IHD, ischaemic heart disease; M, male; MODs, multiple organ dysfunction.