Table 1

Patient characteristics and comparison of perinatal interventions between DR and NICU deaths after live birth

Liveborn infants n=314
DR deathsNICU deathsp Value
Patient characteristicsn=185n=129
 GA in weeks and days, median (IQR)23 3/7 (22 5/7–24 1/7)25 2/7 (24 3/7–26 3/7)<0.01
 Birth weight in grams, median (IQR)560 (478–643)690 (580–850)<0.01
 Female, n (%)76 (41)61 (47)0.275
 Multiplets, n (%)45 (24)39 (30)0.245
Obstetrical interventionsn=185n=129
 Any prenatal steroids, n (%)19 (10)114 (88)<0.01
 Caesarean delivery, n (%)21 (11)82 (64)<0.01
DR interventionsn=109*n=129
 Primary non-intervention102 (93)NA
 Limited resuscitation4 (4)NA
 Full resuscitation3 (3)NA
 Intubated in DR1 (1)110 (85)<0.01
 Surfactant in DR0 (0)101 (78)<0.01
 Epinephrine in DR1 (1)5 (4)<0.01
  • *Liveborn infants after late termination of pregnancy (n=76) are not included.

  • DR, delivery room; GA, gestational age; NA, not applicable; NICU, neonatal intensive care unit.