Table 3

Actual mode of delivery: prevalence and unadjusted ORs with 95% CIs for various adverse outcomes among singletons born at term, without congenital anomalies according to actual mode of delivery

Number of infants with adverse outcomeTotal number of infants*Prevalence per 1000 (CI)OR (CI)
NNM*
 Cephalic
  Vaginal delivery137 451 0640.3 (0.3 to 0.4)1.0 (Reference)
  Caesarean delivery8851 4891.7 (1.4 to 2.1)5.6 (4.3 to 7.4)
 Breech
  Vaginal delivery55 5180.9 (0.4 to 2.1)3.0 (1.2 to 7.3)
  Caesarean delivery911 1350.8 (0.4 to 1.5)2.7 (1.4 to 5.2)
CP
 Cephalic
  Vaginal delivery388451 0420.9 (0.8 to 1.0)1.0 (Reference)
  Caesarean delivery11051 4822.1 (1.8 to 2.6)2.5 (2.0 to 3.1)
 Breech
  Vaginal delivery65 5171.1 (0.5 to 2.4)1.3 (0.6 to 2.8)
  Caesarean delivery1611 1331.4 (0.9 to 2.3)1.7 (1.0 to 2.8)
Composite outcome
 Cephalic
  Vaginal delivery553451 0701.2 (1.1 to 1.3)1.0 (Reference)
  Caesarean delivery23151 5154.5 (3.9 to 5.1)3.7 (3.1 to 4.3)
 Breech
  Vaginal delivery175 5233.1 (1.9 to 4.9)2.5 (1.5 to 4.1)
  Caesarean delivery2611 1342.3 (1.6 to 3.4)1.9 (1.3 to 2.8)
  • *Removed stillbirths from the denominator in the analyses of NNM and CP.

  • †Removed postneonatal CP from the denominator in the analyses of CP as outcome.

  • ‡Comprising intrapartum death, NNM and CP.

  • NNM, neonatal mortality; CP, cerebral palsy.