Table 2

Crude fetal and neonatal mortality/morbidity rates, by fetal presentation and singleton/multiple birth status

Fetal presentation at delivery (singleton, vaginal births only)Multiple births*
CephalicNon-cephalicp ValueSingletonTwinsp Value
Fresh stillbirth80/6229 (13 per 1000 births)21/125 (168 per 1000 births)<0.001117/6583 (18 per 1000 births)3/108 (28 per 1000 births)0.437
First-day mortality42/6149 (7 per 1000 live births)5/104 (48 per 1000 live births)<0.00153/6466 (8 per 1000 live births)5/105 (48 per 1000 live births)<0.001
Early neonatal mortality80/6149 (13 per 1000 live births)7/104 (67 per 1000 live births)<0.00193/6466 (14 per 1000 live births)16/105 (152 per 1000 live births)<0.001
Showing symptoms of neonatal encephalopathy†261/5609 (4.7% of live births)18/86 (20.9% of live births)<0.001280/5749 (4.9% of live births)8/72 (11.1% of live births)0.015
Any of the above outcomes‡402/5720 (7.0% of births)44/111 (39.6% of births)<0.001469/5906 (7.9% of births)24/83 (28.9% of births)<0.001
  • *There were no triplets in our study.

  • †Must have had at least one assessment of clinical signs of neonatal encephalopathy prior to day 7. About 7.6% of cephalic births and 11.3% of non-cephalic births alive at day 7 had no assessment prior to day 7. About 9.8% of singletons and 19.1% of twins alive at day 7 had no assessment prior to day 7.

  • ‡Includes births with data on stillbirth status and mortality/morbidity through day 7. About 91.8% of all cephalic births and 88.8% of all non-cephalic births contributed data. About 89.7% of all singleton births and 76.9% of all multiple births contributed data.