Table 4

Baseline characteristics of longitudinal survey completers (2015 and 2011) versus non-completers (2011 only)*

2011 only (cross-sectional) cohort2011 and 2015 (longitudinal) cohortSignificance
TOTAL2879 (86)459 (14)
Gender—female1538 (54)240 (53)NS
Diabetes type0.002
 Type 1 diabetes1157 (40)219 (48)
 Type 2 diabetes1722 (60)240 (52)
Age—years
 Type 1 diabetes42±1443±13NS
 Type 2 diabetes59±957±80.016
Diabetes duration—years
 Type 1 diabetes15±1318±140.001
 Type 2 diabetes9±78±60.030
Primary treatment for type 1 diabetes<0.001
 Insulin pump therapy246 (21)79 (36)
 Insulin injections902 (79)140 (64)
Primary treatment for type 2 diabetes0.002
 Insulin pump therapy8 (0)0 (0)
 Insulin injections642 (39)72 (30)
 Non-insulin injectables15 (1)7 (3)
 Blood glucose-lowering tablets767 (45)109 (45)
 Diet and/or exercise alone266 (16)52 (22)
Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander origin47 (2)2 (0)0.037
Main language spoken at home—English2759 (97)446 (98)NS
Country of birth—Australia2119 (74)354 (77)NS
Relationship statusNS
 Single391 (14)59 (139)
 In a steady relationship105 (4)20 (4)
 Married or De Facto1945 (69)325 (71)
 Separated77 (3)6 (1)
 Divorced216 (8)39 (9)
 Widowed89 (3)7 (2)
Education<0.001
 No qualifications254 (9)12 (3)
 School/intermediate certificate308 (11)34 (8)
 High school/leaving certificate552 (20)79 (18)
 Trade training/certificate/diploma848 (31)135 (30)
 University undergraduate degree474 (18)108 (24)
 Higher university degree271 (10)81 (18)
 In paid employment1654 (57) 310 (68)<0.001
Annual household income ($A)<0.001
 ≤20 000539 (20)57 (13)
 20 001–40 000500 (19)59 (13)
 40 001–60 000502 (19)79 (18)
 60 001–100 000579 (21)120 (27)
 100 001–150 000346 (13)81 (18)
 >150 000228 (8)52 (12)
Geographical location<0.001
 Metropolitan1425 (51)275 (61)
 Regional808 (29)116 (26)
 Rural587 (21)63 (14)
  • Data are n (%) or mean±SD (range).

  • *Data from 2011 Diabetes MILES—Australia.

  • NS, not significant.