Table 2

Association of smoking status with life satisfaction (LS) and self-rated health (SRH) according to sex: the CASPIAN IV study

SexSmoking statusLSSRH
SatisfiedDissatisfiedp Value*GoodBadp Value*
BoysPassive smoker†
 Yes75.31 (73.40 to 77.13)24.69 (22.87 to 26.60)<0.00176.31 (74.52 to 78.01)23.69 (21.99 to 25.48)<0.001
 No83.00 (81.45 to 84.43)17.02 (15.57 to 18.55)83.86 (82.51 to 85.12)16.14 (14.88 to 17.49)
Active smoker†
 Yes59.41 (52.93 to 65.58)40.59 (34.42 to 47.07)<0.00165.13 (58.69 to 71.05)34.87 (28.95 to 41.31)<0.001
 No80.0 (78.98 to 81.59)19.6 (18.41 to 21.02)81.07 (79.88 to 82.20)18.93 (17.80 to 20.12)
Smoking status†
 Non-smoker83.11 (81.59 to 84.53)16.89 (15.47 to 18.41)<0.00183.92 (82.55 to 85.19)16.08 (14.81 to 17.45)<0.001
 Only passive smoker76.51 (74.60 to 78.31)23.49 (21.69 to 25.40)77.18 (75.39 to 78.87)22.82 (21.13 to 24.61)
 Only active smoker68.12 (54.64 to 79.12)31.88 (20.88 to 45.36)72.46 (61.07 to 81.53)27.54 (18.47 to 38.93)
 Active and passive smoker55.88 (48.39 to 63.12)44.12 (36.88 to 51.61)62.13 (54.35 to 69.33)37.87 (30.67 to 45.65)
GirlsPassive smoker†
 Yes76.22 (74.20 to 78.12)23.78 (21.88 to 25.80)<0.00175.43 (73.59 to 77.19)24.57 (22.81 to 26.41)<0.001
 No83.53 (82.03 to 84.93)16.47 (15.07 to 17.97)82.68 (81.17 to 84.09)17.32 (15.91 to 18.83)
Active smoker†
 Yes60.91 (52.02 to 69.13)39.09 (30.87 to 47.98)<0.00163.64 (54.05 to 72.25)36.36 (27.75 to 45.95)<0.001
 No80.05 (79.24 to 81.86)19.42 (18.14 to 20.76)79.67 (78.39 to 80.88)20.33 (19.12 to 21.61)
Smoking status†
 Non-smoker83.33 (81.83 to 84.74)16.67 (15.26 to 18.17)<0.00182.41 (80.90 to 83.83)17.59 (16.17 to 19.10)<0.001
 Only passive smoker76.82 (74.82 to 78.72)23.18 (21.28 to 25.18)75.91 (74.04 to 77.68)24.09 (22.32 to 25.96)
 Only active smoker75.00 (49.16 to 90.30)25.00 (9.70 to 50.84)75.00 (49.27 to 90.26)25.00 (9.74 to 50.73)
 Active and passive smoker58.51 (48.36 to 67.99)41.49 (32.01 to 51.64)61.70 (51.23 to 71.19)38.30 (28.81 to 48.77)
TotalPassive smoker†75.76 (74.36 to 77.10)24.24 (22.90 to 25.64)<0.00175.88 (74.60 to 77.12)24.12 (22.88 to 25.40)<0.001
Active smoker†59.89 (54.64 to 64.91)40.11 (35.09 to 45.36)<0.00164.66 (59.35 to 69.62)35.34 (30.38 to 40.65)<0.001
Smoking status†
 Non-smoker83.22 (82.16 to 84.23)16.78 (15.77 to 17.84)<0.00183.17 (82.14 to 84.15)16.83 (15.85 to 17.86)<0.001
 Only passive smoker76.66 (75.26 to 78.01)23.34 (21.99 to 24.74)76.55 (75.26 to 77.79)23.45 (22.21 to 24.74)
 Only active smoker69.41 (57.61 to 79.12)30.59 (20.88 to 42.39)72.94 (62.72 to 81.20)27.06 (18.80 to 37.28)
 Active and passive smoker56.82 (50.77 to 62.67)43.18 (37.33 to 49.23)61.98 (55.78 to 67.81)38.02 (32.19 to 44.22)
  • p<0.05 is significant.

  • *p Values are for χ2 test.

  • †Per cent (95% CI).