Table 5

Convergent and discriminant validity for questionnaire and subscales

VariableAVECRStrategic managementBudget and expenditureFinancingDay-to-day managementHuman resourcesAccountability
Strategic management0.760.930.87
Budget and expenditure0.580.810.380.76
Financing0.610.860.250.590.78
Day-to-day management0.510.750.370.360.330.71
Human resources0.600.850.270.450.370.320.77
Accountability0.610.860.04−0.04−0.030.020.000.78
  • On the diagonal, we inserted the square roots of every AVE value to compare it with the other correlation coefficients.

  • Values in bold type means there was higher square root of AVE value in each subscales than the correlation coefficients with other subscales.

  • AVE, average variance extracted; CR, construct reliability.