Table 4

Longitudinal adjusted random effects logistic regression analyses predicting any PTSS, PTSD risk and pregnancy-related PTSS (n=863), based on 6012 observations

Any PTSS (1–4 symptoms)At risk of PTSD (3–4 symptoms)Pregnancy-related PTSS
aOR95% CIaOR95% CIaOR95% CI
Predictor variables
Study group
 Near-limit abortion (reference)
 First-trimester abortion0.940.631.391.210.682.140.560.241.29
 Turnaway-births0.680.421.090.850.421.710.720.252.06
 Turnaway-no-births1.310.632.732.490.926.793.380.9911.57
Years0.47*0.410.550.61*0.380.990.21*0.110.41
First-trimester abortion × years1.24*1.011.520.820.411.641.140.363.62
Turnaway-births × years1.260.991.611.070.452.553.890.008209.77
Turnaway-no-births × years1.160.781.710.630.172.251.520.327.27
Years × years 0.910.801.041.27*1.071.51
First-trimester abortion × years2  1.130.941.350.980.721.33
Turnaway-births × years2  1.030.831.290.010.00613.22
Turnaway-no-births × years2  1.160.831.610.910.601.38
Control variables
Age1.010.981.051.020.981.061.020.961.08
Race/ethnicity
 White (reference)
 Black1.090.721.641.430.872.373.19*1.476.92
 Hispanic/Latina1.150.731.820.980.561.714.15*1.769.80
 Other1.130.681.871.160.632.130.930.312.80
Highest level of education
 <High school (reference)
 High school or GED1.540.992.401.450.852.501.250.562.78
 Associates or technical degree or some college1.62*1.032.531.640.952.830.930.412.11
 College0.950.461.951.610.673.870.940.243.71
Employed0.68*0.500.940.55*0.380.821.250.702.22
Marital status
 Single (reference)
 Married1.420.832.441.220.642.360.750.242.33
 Divorced/widowed1.75*1.062.871.430.802.540.750.282.03
Parity
 0 previous births (reference)
 1 previous birth1.140.771.711.280.782.100.510.251.06
 2 previous births1.000.621.601.090.611.950.37*0.150.90
 3 or more previous births0.890.521.521.190.622.270.24*0.090.68
Child/abuse neglect2.14*1.353.402.11*1.233.621.450.633.33
History of sexual assault or rape2.35*1.443.812.38*1.384.111.250.532.94
Experienced physical or psychological violence from an intimate partner in the past year2.49*1.733.602.57*1.683.930.820.401.66
Any drug use before discovering pregnancy1.370.892.131.140.681.920.930.402.12
Problem alcohol use1.540.822.891.070.512.250.390.091.62
Previous anxiety of depression diagnosis2.62*1.823.763.34*2.195.092.75*1.415.38
  • *p<0.05. There were no missing responses for any of the variables except for reports on problem alcohol use which had 3 missing responses.

  • aOR, adjusted OR; PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder; PTSS, post-traumatic stress symptoms.