Background and aims: Methylphenidate (Ritalin) is a medication prescribed for hyperactive children known as ADHS disorder. But the rate of misuse of this drug among students is critical. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of misuse of methylphenidate among students of Iran.
Methods: Electronic search performed based on PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO and Web of Science for relevant studies and also hand-searching for recognizing non-indexed sources. English and Persian languages restriction included and only cross sectional studies entered to this study.
Data extraction: 28 articles found through databases searching and also 3 Additional records identified by hand-searching. After excluding of duplicates and studies not meeting inclusion criteria like knowledge attitude studies, at last 7 Full-text articles assessed for eligibility. Quality assessment of this study was executed by using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP). Because of high heterogeneity among this article we decided to ignore quantitative analysis and meta-analysis.
Results: The Prevalence of Methylphenidate (Ritalin) in studies were so different (5% to 43%) among students of Iran, But also the prevalence was significantly higher in men in all of studies. almost 30% of students use this drug at least one time during their life. The most time they used related to exams period and the most their reason was that it help them to more concentrate and enhance the cognition.
Conclusion: This study shows us the prevalence of Methylphenidate (Ritalin) misuse among students of Iran are so high and because of its side effects it could be an alarm for youth people in Iran. Increase the awareness about the use of methylphenidate are needed critically.
- Cognitive enhancement
- Systematic Review.
This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.